legislation about olive oil health claims and quality characteristics

Based on scientific results, olive oil functions as a protective weapon in order to fight many diseases, within the framework of a balanced mediterranean diet According to the regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on nutrition and health claims made on foods, a “health claim” is any statement which declares or leads to the conclusion that there is a relationship between food and health. According to the same regulation 1924/2006 health claims which have not been approved by the Council and are not found in the list of permitted healthclaims, are prohibited. Thus, there are strict criteria which health claims have to fulfill since they are based on scientific statements by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Specifically in Greece, according to EFET (Hellenic Food Authority), health claims can be used only when approved, included in the list of permitted health claims of the Regulation (EC) 1924/2006 and fulfill the general and specific conditions which are assigned in the Regulation. The approved health claims along with their terms of use are found in the Regulation (EU) no 432/2012. According to the Regulation (EU) no 432/2012 of the European Council in relation to the list of permitted health claims on food, olive oil can present the following health claims: